Understanding The Bible
Clarence E. Mason's "TYPOLOGY"
Typology in the book of Exodus and Leviticus"


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Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
(c. early)


    1. The type of consecration: Lev. 8:1-9:24.
      The whole thought of self-consecration is unscriptural and misleading. We do not consecrate ourselves; we dedicate ourselves, yield ourselves to our Moses (Christ), who consecrates us. See Scofield note, pp. 135-136 (OSRB-ed).

    2. The "strange fire" of Nadab and Abihu, Lev. 10
      Substituting self-will for the Word of God, and fleshly expedients for divine power. (See Scofield, p.138).

    3. Israel's food = a contrastive type.
      See Acts 10:11-16; Col. 2:20-23; Rom. l4:14-23.

    4. Leprosy = type of sin. Lev. 13.
      See Scofield note, p. 141.

    5. The law of the leper's cleansing, Lev. 14.
      Four types:

      1. Cleansing through the gospel, Scofield note, p. 1433

      2. Two birds: Christ dead and raised "    "   p. l44

      3. Earthen vessel: Christ's humanity "    " p. 144

      4. Running water: Holy Spirit "    " p. 144

    6. The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), Lev. 16
      See notes on pp. 147-148, Scofield. A wonderful type.

    7. 7. The feasts of Jehovah (seven), Lev. 23
      See full notes, Scofield, pp. 156-158.

TYPES IN (the book of) NUMBERS

  1. The Nazarite = Christ the Sinless One, Num. 6. See Scofield note, p. 173.

  2. The" Murmurers = Type of God's Avenging Justice, Num. 14; 1 Cor. 10:10

  3. The Ribband of Blue (Num. 15:37-41) = Type of a heavenly people, Phil. 3:20 (margin)

  4. The Gainsaying of Korah = Type of Nicolaitanism (priestly pretensions), Num. 16; Rev. 2:6, 15

  5. Aaron's Budding Rod = Type of Christ in resurrection, owned of God as Priest, Num. 17. See Scofield, p. l90.

  6. The Red Heifer = Type of Christ's sacrifice cleansing from daily defilement, Num. 19; Jn. 13; 1 Jn. 1:7, 9. See Scofield note, p.192.

  7. The Rock, Num. 20; see Exodus Type #9 and Scofield note, p. 193; 1 Cor. 10:4

  8. The Brazen Serpent = A Sinless One bearing our judgment ("lifted up"), Num. 21:1-9; Jn. 3:14-16; 2 Cor. 5:21. See Scofield note, p. 195.

  9. The Star and Scepter = Christ the coming King, 24:17, 19
    Star = scepter (i.e., King). A prophecy, but in typical form. See Matthew 2.

  10. The World-Borderers = A type of carnal Christians, not content with what God has provided, Num. 32; Phil. 3:19; Col. 2:20-3:5 ("mind earthly things"). See Scofield, p. 209.

  11. The Cities of Refuge = Christ our Shelter from vengeance, Num 35. See Scofield, p. 213.

(Already dealt with in previous books of Pentateuch)


  1. Joshua = Type of Christ our Captain and Victor, Josh. 4:13-15; 6:5. See Scofield note, pp. 259, 264.

  2. The World-Borderers (see Numbers Type #10) = Type of carnal Christian, Josh. 1:10-18.

  3. The Scarlet Line of Rahab (Josh. 2:21; 6:17) = Type of safety through sacrifice. See Scofield note, p. 26l.

  4. The Passage of Jordan = Type of our death with Christ, Joshua 3
    Not that sin (old nature) is dead, but "counted dead" as a judicial fact in our position in Christ (who died), and thus we experience release, Rom. 6:11-14.

  5. The Two Memorials = A double type, Christ's death (deluged by waters of God's wrath) and our resultant deliverance, Joshua 4. See Scofield note, p. 262.

  6. Circumcision in Canaan = Type of repudiation of a sinful past, Josh. 5:2, 9. See Scofield note, p. 263.

  7. The Supernatural Victory at Jericho = Type of how spiritual victories are won, Joshua 6; Eph: 6:12. See Scofield note, p. 264

  8. The Sin of Achan = Type of effect of each believer upon others in body of Christ, Joshua 7; 1 Cor. 12:12-l4, 26. See Scofield note, p. 265.


Although there are numerous spiritual lessons, and although each of the judges in general pictures Christ as Deliverer of His people from their sins (and sins' effects, Mt. l:21), there seems to be but one clear type -- that of Gideon in Judges 7.

Gideon's pitchers, with torch within, broken at a shout, with light shining forth picture our fragile earthly vessels (bodies) in which God now dwells (the glory within), being broken at the "shout" of Christ at His return, causing the presently hidden glory within us to shine forth, climaxing God's victory over all enemies, including the final enemy, death. See 2 Cor. 4:7; 5:1; 4:17-18: Col. 1:27; 1 Thes. 4:16; 1 Cor. 15:26, 49.

TYPES IN RUTH (See Scofield)

Although there are countless spiritual lessons, and numerous prophecies of Christ in the remaining Old Testament books, nevertheless clear types are rare. Possibly there are more than those listed here, but these are chief types:

  1. David = Type of his greater Son, who likewise gains a Kingdom by warfare. See 2 Sam. 8:15; Ezk. 37:24; Ps. 89:19-20; Rev. 19:11-20; Phil. 2:9.

  2. Solomon = Type of Christ
    (1) In Millennial rest, 1 Ki. 5:4.
    (2) In His priestly function, 1 Ki. 8 - Sacrificing (Past) & Praying (Present) & Blessing (Future)

  3. The Temple = Type of Christ in His beauty (the composite of a marvelous combination of beautiful materials), 1 Ki. 6:1, 38; Jn. 2:19, 21. - Another view, Scofield note, p. 393.

  4. The Stone Rejected of the Builders = Type of Christ: Rejected by Israel's leaders, "builders," stumbled over by Israel generally. Stood upon and providing safety for those who believe. Precious to God and believers. The foundation of the Church. The smiting and grinding Stone ( judgment upon unbelieving Gentile powers and apostate Jews. Ps. 118:22; Isa. 28:16; Dan. 2:34, 45; Zech. 7:14; Mt. 7:24-25; 21:42-44; Acts 4:11; Eph. 2:20; Rom. 9:22, 33; 1 Cor. 1:23; 3:10-11; Mt. 16:18, 16, 20-21; 1 Pet. 2:8. (see Scofield note there).

  5. The Song of Solomon (Solomon as both Shepherd and King) = Type of Christ as same; and his wife a type of the Church, Jn. 10:ll, l8; Mt. 2:2; Eph. 5:30-32.
    (See class notes on Song of Solomon)

  6. The Branch = Type of Christ in His humanity; David's Son (in various aspects), Isa. 4:2; Ps. 110; Mt. 22:45.  See Scofield note, P. 716.

  7. The Root = Type of Christ in His Deity, David's Lord, Isa. 11:10; Ps. 110; Mt. 22:44.

  8. The Vine = Type of Christ the True Vine, Isa. 5; Jn. 15.

  9. Eliakim = Type of Christ the Secure King (against whom no uprising avails), Isa. 22:20-25; Rev. 3:7; Rev. 20:7-9.

  10. The Olive Tree = Type of Christ the One who fulfils the Abrahamic Covenant to the Gentiles, -- Christ the Fruitful Son, Jer. 11:16; Rom, ll:l7-24; Gal. 3:l6, 28, 29; Lk. 23:31.

  11. Jeremiah = Type of Christ the Man of Sorrows, Lam. 1:12; 3:l8; Jer. 17:17; Isa. 53:3; Jn. 11:35, 38; Lk. 13:34-35; 19:41-42.

  12. The Four Living Creatures = Type of Christ in the Gospels in the four aspects of King (Mt. - lion); of Servant (Mk. - ox); of Man (Lk. - man); of Son of God (Jn. - eagle); Ezk. l:10.

  13. Jonah = Type of Christ in Tomb and Resurrection, and His Resurrection ministry to the Gentiles, Jonah 1:17; 3; Mt. 12:40; see Scofield on Jonah and Matthew passages.

  14. Zerubbabel = Type of Christ as "Finisher" of the Temple of Faith, Zech. 4:7-9, with Heb. 12:2-3.

  15. Joshua = Type of Christ, a Priest upon His throne, Zech. 6:9-13; Heb. 7:2-3.

  16. The Sun of Righteousness = Christ the Coming Healer and Hurter of Men, Mal. 4:1-2; 1 Thess. 1:10; 5:9; 2 Thes. 1:6-7.

"Even so, come. Lord Jesus!"


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