Understanding The Bible
Clarence E. Mason's "TYPOLOGY"
Typology in the book of Exodus and Leviticus"


Return to Syllabus

Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible


    1. Moses - Type of Christ the Deliverer, Exodus 1-11
      1. The deliverer was chosen of God, Lk. 4:18; Acts 7:25; 1 Pet. 2:6.
      2. Both are rejected at their first appearance and turn to the Gentiles, Acts 7:23-29; Heb. 11:24-25, cp. Mt. 10:11-14, 40.
      3. During the rejection he gains a (Gentile) bride, Ex. 2:13-21; Eph. 5:32.
      4. Afterward, the second time, he appears as Israel's deliverer is accepted, Ex. 4:29-31; Mt. 23:39; Ps. 110:3; 1 Thes. 1:10; 5:9-10.
      5. He becomes an official type of Christ, Heb. 3:5-6.
        1. He is a Prophet, Dt. 18:15-19; Acts 3:22-23.
        2. He is an Advocate (deals with sin), Ex. 32:1-35; 1 Jn. 2:1-2.
        3. He is an Intercessor (deals with infirmities), Ex. 17:1-6; Heb. 2:18; 7:25.
        4. He was their leader or king, Dt. 33:4-5; Isa. 55:4; Heb. 2:10.
      6. While as to his offices Moses is a type of Christ, as to his position in the house of God, he is a type by contrast, Heb. 3:5-6.
  1. The Passover, Exodus 12



    1. Judgment threatened on all the firstborn, Es. 11:4-6 1. Judgment, the lot of every man because of the sin of the firstborn (Adam), Rom. 5:12; Jn. 3:18, 36
    2. There was a Divine plan of safety Divinely revealed through Moses, Ex. 12:7 2. John 3:16 announces the same fact
    3. They were to take a lamb as the way of safety, Ex. 12:3 3. The Lamb of God, Jn. 1:29
    4. The lamb is selected by the nation of Israel, Es. 12:3 4. "Jesus would die for that nation," Jn. 11;47-51
    5. The lamb must be without blemish, Ex. 12:3, 5, 6 5. "The precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish," 1 Pet. 1:18-19; Jn. 18:23; 8:46
    Note: Though our Lord's life does not save us, His life was a period of testing, showing that He was an unblemished Lamb, who could save us. His life was necessary to His death.
    6. The lamb was killed by the people, Ex. 12:6 6. Mt. 27:21-25, although the priests incited the people, it was the people who said, "His blood be upon us and our children."
    7. The lamb was slain literally "between the evenings," Ex. 12:6 7. Mt. 27:45; Lk. 23:44, sky dark - light returned - then evening (again).
    8. The blood of the lamb is sprinkled, Ex. 12:7
    a. It was a sign of substitution and redemption, Ex. 12:6
    b. It was personally applied, Ex. 12:7
    c. Thus applied, there was perfect safety, Ex. 12:12-13. The blood was to be sprinkled on the lintel and the posts of the door (v. 7). (Formed a cross!) Hyssop = faith, used to apply the blood.
    8. "Through faith is His blood," Rom. 3:25; Mt. 26:28
    a. "Temptation through His blood," Eph. 1:7; Heb. 9:11-14, 22
    b. "The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin," 1 Jn. 1:7; Rev. 7:14-15.
    c. "There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus," Rom 8:1; Jn. 5:24; Heb. 10:14. The death of Christ makes for security; our resting on that death makes for assurance. Assurance rests on security.
    9. The lamb was roasted with fire, Ex. 12:8 9. Psalm 22:14-15, Christ suffered fire of judgment.
    10. They feasted upon the lamb, Ex. 12:8 10. It is our duty and privilege to feast in faith upon Christ (communion).
    11. They were to perpetually remember the slain lamb in a service of memorial (v. 14). (The blood was applied only once.) 11. The Lord's Supper, 1 Cor. 11:25-26; contrast Heb. 6:6.

  1. The Leaven - always and everywhere a type of evil working subtly (in the dark) gradually permeating the whole, Ex. 12:15; Lev. 2:11; Mt. 16:6-12; Lk. 12:1; 1 Cor. 5:6-8.  Leaven speaks of evil, either in doctrine or practice.
  2. The Red Sea (Ex. 14) compared with Passover (Ex. 12)
    The Passover speaks of redemption by blood: deliverance from guilt of sin.
    The Red Sea speaks of redemption by power: deliverance from dominion of sin.
    His death forgives me; His resurrection power sets me free.
    Rom. 5:1 speaks of deliverance from penalty of sin.
    Gal. 1:4; g:14 speak of deliverance from dominance of evil, whether in ourselves or this evil world

EXODUS 15-24
The scenes of the wilderness pilgrimage (following the Red Sea experience) beautifully illustrate the Christian pilgrimage, 1 Cor. 10:1-11

  1. The waters of Marah made sweet (Ex. 1$?2$) = The bitter afflictions trials of life are made sweet to us by the application of the Cross of Christ to our experience. He pleased not Himself, but suffered for us.
    We please not ourselves, but suffer for and with Him, Gal. 2:20; 6:14.
    POEM: "I worship the sweet will of God." (Faber)
  2. Elim's wells and palm trees (Ex. l5:27) = A type of the refreshment and rest which God gives His people in the midst of their wilderness journey.
  3. The manna (Ex. l6:14-2) = A type of Christ in His humiliation, come down from Heaven, to be the life of the world, Jn. 6:35, 48-51.
    Parallels are:
    1. Received by faith, in order to obtain and sustain life, Jn. 6:53-58.
    2. We feed on the manna as we meditate on our Lord as present in the Word.
    3. How the mama was given.
      Sent from heaven. Christ was sent from heaven. "Bread of life" came to Beth-lehem, "House of Bread," Ps. 78:23-25.
    4. Lessons for the Christian's devotional life.
      1. Delight in the manna is an acquired taste.
      2. Daily gathering by each individual was necessary.
      3. It was gathered in the early morning.
      4. They gathered sufficient to satisfy the hunger of the day.
      5. It was always fresh and always there.
      6. It nourished them for their pilgrimage to the Promised Land.
      7. They either had to stoop and pick it up or walk on it.
        Humble yourself and receive Christ or you will trample HIM underfoot.
  4. The Sabbath (Ex. l6:23-30)
    1. A type of Millennial rest.
    2. A type of heavenly rests
    3. A type of eternal rest.
    4. A type of spiritual rest.
      1. Rest of Salvation, Mt. 11:28.
      2. Rest of Surrender, Mt. 11:29.
      3. Rest of Service, Mt. 11:30.
      4. Rest of Christian Experience (i/e., Sanctification), Heb 4:10.
  5. The smitten rock (Ex. 17:6) = Type of salvation by grace.
    1. Christ, the Rock, 1 Cor. 10:4.
      "They drank of ... Christ"
    2. The people were utterly unworthy, Ex. 17:2; Eph. 2:1-6.
    3. Characteristics of salvation by grace:
      1. free, Jn. 4:10; Rom. 6:23; Eph. 2:8
      2. abundant, Rom, $:20; Ps. 105:41; Jn. 3:16
      3. near, Rom. 10:8
      4. inviting, the people had only to stoop and drink, Isa, 55;1
  6. Amalek = Type of the flesh in the believer, Gal. 4:29.
    (See Scofield note, pp. 91-92) Ex. 17:8-16; Gal. 5:17, cp. Dt. 25:17-19
  7. The Law (Ex. 20ff.; Dt. 4-6) = A contrastive type of the New Covenant, 2 Cor. 3:6-11

Return to Syllabus


"Mason's Notes"

(formerly Philadelphia Biblical University, Philadelphia College of Bible.)
Copyright 2012 to present,
All rights reserved.

Cairn University

200 Manor Avenue
Langhorne, PA 19047
United States of America
"Mason's Notes" Study materials on this website are made available here free, through the generosity of Cairn University, and may be copied for use in Bible study groups, in limited numbers, providing that no charge is made for them.  No further distribution or use of these materials is allowable under U.S. or International Copyright Law without the express permission of Cairn University.